i wrote a program to extract first and last names from a flat file and populate a mysql database. This is some text" and "This is some text. Removing punctuations from a given string Given a string, remove the punctuation from the string if the given character is a punctuation character as classified by the current C locale. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. Another way to remove spaces in multiple print argument is using sep  option of the print  function. In the Replace with field, type: \1 followed immediately by a single space. First, if it is a list of strings, you may simply use join this way:. We will check each character of the string using for loop. is_string(obj) Checks if an object is a string. I only want to remove the spaces after or before commas and leave the other blank spaces as it is. It usually deals with spaces around punctuation in the way that you want it to. For this task, we can use the rstrip Python function:. They are extracted from open source Python projects. How to remove. Below are available operators with the print statement. something without a space in the previous example then you will get the following result:. 5 hours on Saturday. Fill all null or empty cells in your original DataFrame with an empty space and set that to a new DataFrame variable, here, called 'modifiedFlights'*. You can keep your scripts all in one location and use them from there. Hi In CSV file want to remove spaces before and after comma also start and end of line please give me unix command to remove this thanks We encourage you to read our updated PRIVACY POLICY and COOKIE POLICY. Is to test. Easy to understand and fun to read, Introducing Python is ideal for beginning programmers as well as those new to the language. This helps with readability — it will be easier for other people who follow this convention to read your code, and it will be easier for you to read theirs. Python‟s philosophy has earned itself quite a following. Rather than an explanation of the rules of French and English punctuation, this lesson is a simple summary of how French punctuation differs from English. Hey, Scripting Guy! I have a folder with a bunch of files in it, files with names like Doc 1. I need to see if the m, a, t, etc. Now we know how the process of text summarization works using a very simple NLP technique. And let's not even mention field quoting. Today we will be Python String Operations. Add Space at the start of the string in Python – rjust() function in python; Add space at the end of the string in Python – ljust() function in python. Use this tool to Remove Punctuation in text. The discriminator is a simple network with 4 convolutional layers, each of stride 2, and a final aggregation convolutional layer. Python String is immutable, so we can't change its value. How to split String by comma in Java? You can split string by comma in Java using the split method of the String class. This was my first thought: ",". However, this would be much more complicated than a simple for loop visiting each character of the string (and not much more efficient — surely, find will have to iterate over each character whilte. This is some text. Using space before punctuation is just wrong in Portuguese. You can remove the punctuation, periods and the capitals. Finding and Replacing a Varying Number of Spaces. This article describes some possibilities of formatting commas and spacing in T-SQL using ApexSQL Refactor, a free SQL formatter with nearly 200 SQL formatting options. Remove whitespace in print function in Python Happy to support you! There are few steps that you can follow (b ut first convert the input data into a string if it is not),. punctuation : result += c return result # Test our method. Giving you a result of: b_list = mary had a little lambObviously you can add back any commas, but as my experience is python limited, I not sure of how to ensure that the b_list becomes a true list with [] etc. The values are either a list of values separated by commas, a key=value list, or a combination of both. To enable the syntax method of folding for R files, put in your |vimrc|: > let r_syntax_folding = 1 < With the above option, Vim will load R files with all folds closed. So the space before other signs like colon, semicolon, slash, dash (yes, please - and the space after it) can also be handled the same way. Sed uses an older variant of basic regular expressions in which parentheses stand for themselves and \(…\) is used for grouping. For this task, we can use the rstrip Python function:. The comment rules inside the regular expression string are the same as regular Python code: The # symbol and everything after it to the end of the line are ignored. Please find the answer below. It would take extra steps to clean it up in that cell. punctuation+'][a-zA-Z0-9]+'. In this guide, we'll be using Python version 3. Second case where '. Developers were asked to switch to the new version as soon as possible, but many of the common external modules are not yet (as of Aug 2010) available for Python 3. cpl ,3" (space before the comma) is a quick way to get the System Properties "Advanced" tab to quickly remove user profiles. of built-in/library functions to modify them. For extra credit, strip all punctuation before doing the word count. This article describes some possibilities of formatting commas and spacing in T-SQL using ApexSQL Refactor, a free SQL formatter with nearly 200 SQL formatting options. To address the second script where you don’t know if it is space or comma delimited, then you could actually use the following where it matches on one or more commas or spaces and splits on that. 842 E211 whitespace before ’(’ 2531 E221 multiple spaces before operator 4473 E301 expected 1 blank line, found 0 4006 E302 expected 2 blank lines, found 1 165 E303 too many blank lines (4) 325 E401 multiple imports on one line 3615 E501 line too long (82 characters) 612 W601. An ellipsis (plural: ellipses) is a punctuation mark consisting of three dots. For this task, we can use the rstrip Python function:. Welcome to Practice Python! There are over 30 beginner Python exercises just waiting to be solved. word_tokenize(). You can … Continue reading Python 101: Reading and Writing CSV Files →. Unless you have a specific reason to write or support legacy Python code, we recommend working in. Second case where '. Find it by pressing F7 (on Windows), clicking the small book icon along the bottom edge of the screen, or clicking on. Using an example, remove all punctuation from text in a dataset. The example also shows how to handle CSV records having a comma between double quotes or parentheses. Learn Python, a powerful language used by sites like YouTube and Dropbox. Treating White Space in a Uniform Way. Unless you have a specific reason to write or support legacy Python code, we recommend working in. It will always be 1 digit after the 3rd comma but the digit will be different. Write a C program to remove extra spaces, blanks from a string. I think it's called 'une espace fine'. DoL lesson 05 - removing spaces and punctuation from strings Python: NLTK part 1/3 | Natural Language Tool Kit - corpus, punctuation, stop words Let's Learn Python - Basics #2 of. examples/files/read_file_remove_newlines. Sed uses an older variant of basic regular expressions in which parentheses stand for themselves and \(…\) is used for grouping. If you want to remove all characters that before the first occurrence of the comma character, you can use a formula based on the RIGHT function, the LEN function and the FIND function. How to split a string by comma and white space. Summary: Use the Trim() method to remove extraneous space from a String object. When you import or copy text data into an Excel worksheet, you often end up with extra spaces. And each time we have spent some time figuring out how to do it. To remove leading and ending spaces, you can use the strip() function: Example 4. virendersharma Tuesday, September 27, 2011. Since I have about 25 files to go through, I wrote a script to remove the blank lines, and convert towards a more standard csv format. filename = 'examples/files/numbers. Removing a colon and all characters before it, in a python list I am new to python, so this may be a stupid question. But one easy way to set spaces before the citation, even with this parameter set globally, is to use a tilde before the cite: ~\cite{All14} This will create the space before the citation, when needed for isolated cases, and still keep the global parameters intact. Here are the 3 steps:. write "body" lines indented on the next line after the colon. My boss is trying to split a comma-delimited string with Regex. Note that this assumes that the string ends with , (comma followed by space). 1I use this code on my Field Calculator to remove text after a comma in a field named "CURRENT_O" basically trying to populate a field with just parcel owner's last name instead of the full names. Add spaces after characters AND/OR Add spaces after every line AND/OR Add spaces after every Enter your text here and click the "Remove" button above. Python calculation expression fields are enclosed with exclamation points (!!). Punctuation: The practice, action, or system of inserting points or other small marks into texts, in order to aid interpretation; division of text into sentences, clauses, etc. Enter the answer length or the answer pattern to get better results. join(lst2) but it bombs when the list contains anything other than strings. Too Many Commas? Use a Semicolon When independent clauses containing commas are merged together using a conjunction, it is possible to use a semicolon instead of a comma before the conjunction. For instance, what happens with: a comma appearing before any text, consecutive commas (ie,,,), or commas within quotes? hth Jon. Note you can also accept list element input separated by comma or another separator you need to pass the separator as argument in split() function. 5 hours on Saturday. Test by click the "Remove" button and watch leading/trailing/extra/all spaces disappear from each line of default text. Remove all spaces. virendersharma Tuesday, September 27, 2011. For instance, what happens with: a comma appearing before any text, consecutive commas (ie,,,), or commas within quotes? hth Jon. Ideally the system that is feeding the data into the database should be doing this — but if it does not, or hasn't in the past, this may be necessary to tidy up the records. Dear R users, I have some trivial query. I have considered incentive after name and want to mention salary after incentive. remove special characters from string python except space (11). To get a range of document ids in an index, specify the ids_only argument to the Index. However, this feature may often prove to be extremely helpful in the translator's work. One place where the Python language really shines is in the manipulation of strings. Python tips - How to easily convert a list to a string for display There are a few useful tips to convert a Python list (or any other iterable such as a tuple) to a string for display. If the line is empty, we remove it from the list using the remove() command. This is some text. I would recommend practising these methods by applying them in machine learning/deep learning competitions. THE DASH The dash (–) is used to set off additional material within a sentence, often in order to emphasize it, to set off appositives that contain commas, or to indicate missing words. Use an ellipsis when omitting a word, phrase, line, paragraph, or more from a quoted passage. For example, I would like to parse out the hyphen from an entry like "123-45-6789" and read "123456789". Use two or four spaces to define each logical level. However, you may need to refine the rules depending on what you really want to achieve. Is there an easy way to drop all spaces that are before or after a string in Windows PowerShell? Use the Trim() method to remove all spaces before and after a string from the output,. I have five spaces after this and 3 spaces after this and 10 spaces after this. Type three hyphens with no space between them like—this. Hi, I have a string that goes like this "abc, abc def, abcd,abc" How do I specify that I want to remove only the space (if there is 1) after the comma and not the one in between "abc def"?. Here's how: str = str. Common applciations where there is a need to process text include: Where the data is text - for example, if you are performing statistical analysis on the content of a billion web pages (perhaps you work for Google), or your research is in statistical natural language processing. Next, using split(',') to get the two parts of the string is a great idea! But in lines 3 and 4, you're not using the name user entered. Python treats string (and everything else) as an object, and Python provides many features and in-built functions associated with each type of object. OK, I Understand. The issue is: numerical strings brought back from such have commas and spaces in them which is a nightmare to delimit in Excel. How do I stop it? It's very time-consuming having to delete the space over and over again. For example: "This is some text. For example given string is "the crazy programmer". rstrip(" \n ") print. Take a look…. Rather than an explanation of the rules of French and English punctuation, this lesson is a simple summary of how French punctuation differs from English. How to get text before the first comma in a text string using a formula in excel. The SPACE can be either U+0020 or U+00A0. Here's a list of Word's RegEx's special characters: Sed command to remove everything. I want to print out all member of sys, then what I need is. c, loader/shp2pgsql-gui. You can use the techniques I've covered to add interactivity to any Python script that you write, which means you don't have to have random scripts floating around your work directories. 0) in February 1991 at the CWI (Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica) in the Netherlands , Amsterdam. One common task is to remove white space (spaces, tabs, or newlines) from the beginning and end of a string using the strip method: >>> line = ' Here we go ' >>> line. The value is everything after the punctuaion mark. 03/30/2017; 5 minutes to read +5; In this article. Remove Space at the Start and end of the string in Python (Strip trailing and trailing space in python): strip() function in the above example strips, both leading and trailing space so the output will be ‘    This is Test String to strip leading and trailing space      ‘       . But one easy way to set spaces before the citation, even with this parameter set globally, is to use a tilde before the cite: ~\cite{All14} This will create the space before the citation, when needed for isolated cases, and still keep the global parameters intact. pdf, and Doc 3. Partiview (PC-VirDir) Peter Teuben, Stuart Levy 15 February. 0 Contents: string_utils. We will then move data from our vocabulary object into a useful data representation for NLP tasks. I need to find cells with text that have more than one space between the first and last names; and cells with text that have only one space between the first and last names. Phil need to remove. Today, I encountered a situation where I had to separate the full names of our customers into the first and last names. For example, I would like to parse out the hyphen from an entry like "123-45-6789" and read "123456789". Ok so how do I remove all punctuation spaces and non-letters from a string so that its only a string of characters for example: "something123//: ;<>" would turn into ==> "something" Thanks in advance, this is supposed to be VERY easy because we have learned so little in python and we only use the str and list methods for now. A string may contain many numbers of whitespace in Python. Next, we create a Python set named exclude from string. No space before, mandatory space after (if it is not the end of the text). Because the plugins rely on Python's re, this will only apply to regular expression searches (not literal searches). The Python interpreter will join consecutive lines if the last character of the line is a backslash. This will often be useful for writing minilanguages, (for example, in run control files for Python applications) or for parsing quoted strings. How to strip of mulitiple white spaces. How to split String by comma in Java? You can split string by comma in Java using the split method of the String class. The syntax of remove() method is: set. for example, 100, 77, -992 are int but 0. The discriminator is a simple network with 4 convolutional layers, each of stride 2, and a final aggregation convolutional layer. Remove Extra Whitespace or Tabs. New exercise are posted monthly, so check back often, or follow on Feedly, Twitter, or your favorite RSS reader. Hi In CSV file want to remove spaces before and after comma also start and end of line please give me unix command to remove this thanks We encourage you to read our updated PRIVACY POLICY and COOKIE POLICY. My question: The words are correctly separated by a space, but how do you make sure there is no space between a word and the following punctuation (i. Do not use spaces before and after dashes and hyphens. As a result, the Description field is encoded into a folded field that can be interpreted by RFC822 parser 2. The values are either a list of values separated by commas, a key=value list, or a combination of both. How to split a string by comma and white space. Variable name substitution using format and eval. punctuation(). For example, delete lines containing word DVD, enter: cat input. 1 Strings Use of String Variables We have already seen strings, but since we've been introduced to loops and index variables, we can learn a bit more about manipulating strings. To remove all punctuations from a string or sentence in python, you have to ask from user to enter a string and start removing all the punctuations from that string and finally print the same string but without any punctuations as shown in the program given here. ===== reStructuredText Directives ===== :Author: David Goodger :Contact: [email protected] I was trying it use a regular expressions but it doesn't work. The following SQL can be used to remove leading and trailing spaces from a columns values. vim [[[1 601 " Title: Vim library for ATP filetype plugin. When you now select the rows that you want to print labels for from the Data source view and click Data to fields, the labels are filled with database data. I have LibreOffice 4. rstrip(" ") print. It allows you to iterate over each line in a csv file and gives you a list of items on that row. With the Python strip function, we were able to delete all left and right spaces (as shown in Example 1). Filter out remaining tokens that are not alphabetic. Let's consider the most noticeable: remove_stopwords() - remove all stopwords from string. (Or use $1,100,000. Align the beginning and end of statement blocks, and be consistent. Second case where '. It fits nicely into “a half-dozen boxes and arrows”, but can be a useful tool to getting scientist to thinking about the readability of their code. " (This sentence is famous among computational linguists because it is the first sentence on the Wall Street Journal corpus, which everyone uses as an example. Treating White Space in a Uniform Way. Since RegReplace uses Python's re regular expression engine, we can use Python code to intercept the replacement and carry out more complex tasks via a plugin. List Constants •List constants are surrounded by square brakets and the elements in the list are separated by commas. The following are code examples for showing how to use string. Is to test. However, you may need to refine the rules depending on what you really want to achieve. For example, I would like to parse out the hyphen from an entry like "123-45-6789" and read "123456789". The following options can be used after rpython targetpypystandalone or as options to py. Python Set remove() The remove() method searches for the given element in the set and removes it. They are useful in getting right to the point without delay or distraction:. If you try to extract text before a space ” “, comma “,” or period “. How to Check Punctuation in Microsoft Word. Split([CURRENT_O], "," and then in the lower box under the = sign: s(0. Printing Lists # By default, the list type does a repr on all items, and adds brackets and commas as necessary. a + (b - c)). I'm looking for a script that will allow me to: Output the object property values to a file; Remove all white spaces encountered (regardless of the number of spaces) Replace the spaces with one (1) comma. With the "in" operator and the string. We all have at least once in our coding life time done this: “Concatenate the elements of a List into a comma separated string”. The best practice is to use literal spaces to indent the code, not tab stops. There a n number of numbers present within the double quotes separated by commas. Punctuation: The practice, action, or system of inserting points or other small marks into texts, in order to aid interpretation; division of text into sentences, clauses, etc. I'm just an old dog trying to learn new tricks from excel. Replace method, which replaces all matches defined by a regular expression with a replacement string. Modern typography suggests that punctuation should only be used when there is a need. punctuation : result += c return result # Test our method. If the default behavior for insertion/appending into/onto the existing chain is not what you want then you can use this flag to force the command to stick the deformer node before the selected node in the chain even if a new geometry shape has to be created in order to do so. Parameters obj – Object to test. 4 Contributors; To remove characters all through the text you can use a loop this way:. Example his simple data set shows you a flight and tells you its airline, flight number, and the reason it was cancelled. How could you quickly remove them from cells in Excel? This article provides two solutions as below:. Put a space after a comma. Get corrections from Grammarly while you write on Gmail, Twitter, LinkedIn, and all your other favorite sites. Unfortunately there is no setting to not display comma’s on number fields. You do not need to compile your program before executing it. Open, FileAccess. Creating a list is as simple as putting different comma-separated values between square brackets. This was my first thought: ",". For instance, what happens with: a comma appearing before any text, consecutive commas (ie,,,), or commas within quotes? hth Jon. Return type bool string_utils. Question: Write a python program to remove punctuations from a string Program: [crayon-5d8f41b9e48d2454742025/] Explanation: There are fourteen punctuation marks commonly used in English grammar. We could also use the method find in a loop (while we keep finding spaces) and use the method replace at the positions where the space was found. The name is everything before the punctuation mark with whitespace remove. Press button, get text. The constant string. Python treats string (and everything else) as an object, and Python provides many features and in-built functions associated with each type of object. It has to be said that the groupby method has a certain python-zen feel about it! Simple, easy to read, beautiful. My Outlook is putting a space before all punctuation. The 14 most commonly used punctuation marks are: period, question mark, exclamation point, comma, semicolon, colon, dash, hyphen, parentheses, brackets, braces. The best approach is to use regular expressions. This separates the answer, from the trivia about the answer. You will learn how to delete leading and trailing spaces in a cell, eliminate extra spaces between words, get rid of non-breaking white space and non-printing characters. They are extracted from open source Python projects. How it works ! Will it! Or won't it ? Hmm ?" I want to remove the space before the punctuation, but not remove the second space. Now, what about that coworker who tends to separate ideas or lists with several spaces instead of a tab or hard return? How can we find a group of spaces that varies in number? This is just slightly trickier than finding 2 spaces. Remove Space at the Start and end of the string in Python (Strip trailing and trailing space in python): strip() function in the above example strips, both leading and trailing space so the output will be ‘    This is Test String to strip leading and trailing space      ‘       . Using space before punctuation is just wrong in Portuguese. For extra credit, strip all punctuation before doing the word count. Although this file format allows for the data table to be easily retrieved into a variety of applications, they are best viewed within one that will allow one to easily manipulate data that is in columnar format. An ellipsis (plural: ellipses) is a punctuation mark consisting of three dots. Python String provides so many methods to do the string manipulations. pdf, and Doc 3. To parse this string, we do. Python interprets a tab as moving to the next tab stop, with one tab stop every eight spaces, but the standard and preferable style is to use spaces only, no tabs, and specifically four spaces per each level of indentation. For example, consider this sentence:. Replace both multiple whitespaces and tabs with a single space. If you've transferred files to your Unix account from a PC or Macintosh with filenames containing what Unix considers to be meta-characters, they may cause problems. Replace method? Always try it out in a test environment before applying it. Mars is formatting the following PHP code using PDT incorrectly. This is a combination of digits, ascii_letters, punctuation, and whitespace. One of the rules in this guide is to have two blank lines before functions and classes (a habit that is often dropped in this document to reduce the length of code snippets), and our program breaks the rule before the f and g functions. Python Program to Remove Punctuation from a String. Use nbstripout to remove. Allow comments and trailing commas in JSON files using two simple Python functions to clean them up before parsing - json_cleaner. No ads, nonsense or garbage. In the REPL, you can then enter and run lines of code one at a time. Python interprets a tab as moving to the next tab stop, with one tab stop every eight spaces, but the standard and preferable style is to use spaces only, no tabs, and specifically four spaces per each level of indentation. Remove punctuation from python list Raw. How should I go about it using Regex. Trying to remove a blank line / "," from a text file I have some data that was outputted to various text files. How it works ! Will it! Or won't it ? Hmm ?" I want to remove the space before the punctuation, but not remove the second space. If you omit the first index (before the colon), the slice starts at the beginning of the string. 6 (Anaconda) or your version of Python. I am using spreadsheet and have a column that includes names formatted like this: first, last. Excel wants to split 670,000,000 into 3 separate values and split such across 3 separate columns which is a joke. How to remove whitespace and punctuation in Python? My professor recommended using "string. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. Python Exercises, Practice and Solution: Write a Python program to remove the parenthesis area in a string. punctuation, which is a string containing all the ASCII punctuation Unlock this content with a FREE 10-day subscription to Packt Get access to all of Packt's 7,000+ eBooks & Videos. You can use the Regex. How to strip down all the punctuation from a string in Python? Python Server Side Programming Programming The fastest way to strip all punctuation from a string is to use str. Python list is a sequence of values, it can be any type, strings, numbers, floats, mixed content, or whatever. Java split string by comma example shows how to split string by comma in Java. If you need help with any steps e-mail us at [email protected] split()" function how to remove the comma before populating the database. Parameters obj – Object to test. To remove all spaces from string or sentence in python, you have to ask from user to enter a string and start removing all the spaces from that string and finally display the string without any spaces as shown in the program given here. Formatting commas in T-SQL. They create the white space between visible characters (at least on white paper). trim our vocabulary (minimum number of token occurrences before stored permanently in our vocabulary) Next time we will implement this functionality, and test our Python vocabulary implementation on a more robust corpus. If the default behavior for insertion/appending into/onto the existing chain is not what you want then you can use this flag to force the command to stick the deformer node before the selected node in the chain even if a new geometry shape has to be created in order to do so. We use commas inside sentences. We loop over the resulting list. They are extracted from open source Python projects. In order to process our text it’s often useful to do the following steps: • Change everything to lower case (this can be a gotcha if you are doing named entity recognition but I’m leaving that out for now) • Remove punctuation and non-printable characters. Unfortunately, there is no function that removes excess commas, so we have to start with a string with spaces instead of commas, then remove excess spaces, and finally replace the spaces with commas. With the "in" operator and the string. Is there an easy way to drop all spaces that are before or after a string in Windows PowerShell? Use the Trim() method to remove all spaces before and after a string from the output,. Is to test. Note: This example was written for Python 3. So why not try to make this task a bit less heavy by using Python?. Use this tool to Remove Punctuation in text. Finding and Replacing a Varying Number of Spaces. added in edit (save as to a new name and remember to change the style to the new name in the document on then endnote ribbon or in Word's -- endnote tool's edit bibliography menu). How will you remove that comma? Obviously, you can use the Replace feature of Excel. How to strip of mulitiple white spaces. Take a look…. Remove spaces from a string C# VB. Setup Arduino. I hope that now you have a basic understanding of how to deal with text data in predictive modeling. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. No space before, mandatory space after (if it is not the end of the text). Then repeat quick sort on left partition and right partition. Printing Lists # By default, the list type does a repr on all items, and adds brackets and commas as necessary. In this lesson we're going to talk about that how to remove punctuation from a string in python programming language by using translate and maketrans methods. So your note [b] refers to the complete sentence before. t elements < pivot come before the elements > pivot 3. Removing punctuations from a given string Given a string, remove the punctuation from the string if the given character is a punctuation character as classified by the current C locale. use some text some text some text. Here's a list of Word's RegEx's special characters: Sed command to remove everything. The use of punctuation in English can change from place to place and from time to time, for the rules in use at that location. Since RegReplace uses Python's re regular expression engine, we can use Python code to intercept the replacement and carry out more complex tasks via a plugin. OK, I Understand. The Crossword Solver found 21 answers to the Punctuation before a list crossword clue. Of course, you could always choose to Replace All the double spaces. We'll assume the data is coming from an Arduino attached to the same computer running the Python script. How to remove. When you work on web applications for large organizations and enterprises, I am sure you have. punctuation : result += c return result # Test our method. 0) in February 1991 at the CWI (Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica) in the Netherlands , Amsterdam. No ads, nonsense or garbage. In the Then box, type a comma and space and leave the Else box blank. I have LibreOffice 4. Remove rows with duplicate sort values: If you checkmark this option then, Sort Transformation will remove the duplicate. If you are parsing a sentence into individual words, you might end up with words that have blank spaces (also called white spaces) on either end of the word. When submitting Python code to GRASS SVN repository, please take care of following rules: File structure GRASS module. Read this article to learn when to use ellipses. A string may contain many numbers of whitespace in Python. Another way to remove spaces in multiple print argument is using sep  option of the print  function. Here we handle a string that contains city names separated by commas.